Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Maldives Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Moldova Monaco Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Netherlands New Caledonia. Malta ist ein aus der Hauptinsel Malta und vier weiteren Inseln bestehender Staat im Mittelmeer. Er ist seit Mitglied in der Europäischen Union. Lettland, Liechtenstein, Litauen, Luxemburg, Malta, Niederlande, Norwegen, Österreich, Polen, Portugal, Schweden, Schweiz, Slowakei, Slowenien, Spanien,.
Willkommen auf den Seiten des Auswärtigen AmtsEinwohnern) außer Malta (mit derzeit ca. Einwohnern) Quelle: clavecinsorgues-soumagnac.com (letzter Aufruf am Februar ). Lettland, Liechtenstein, Litauen, Luxemburg, Malta, Niederlande, Norwegen, Österreich, Polen, Portugal, Schweden, Schweiz, Slowakei, Slowenien, Spanien,. Malta ist ein aus der Hauptinsel Malta und vier weiteren Inseln bestehender Staat im Mittelmeer. Er ist seit Mitglied in der Europäischen Union.
Wiki Malta Trình đơn chuyển hướng VideoWiki Out Loud: Malta Malta je skupina otokov v osrednjem Sredozemskem clavecinsorgues-soumagnac.com naseljena sta samo največja otoka Malta ( km²) in Gozo (Għawdex, 67 km²). Drugi večji otoki so Comino (Kemmuna, 3 km²), ki ni stalno naseljen, ter Cominotto (Kemmunett), Filfla, Fungus Rock (Il-Ġebla tal-Ġeneral) in Otok svetega Pavla (Selmunett), ki niso clavecinsorgues-soumagnac.com (): 28,7 (nizek) (). Malta (officielt: Republikken Malta; maltesisk: Repubblika ta' Malta; engelsk: Republic of Malta) er en sydeuropæisk ø-stat i Middelhavet, godt 90 km syd for clavecinsorgues-soumagnac.comikken Malta (maltesisk: Repubblika ta’ Malta) fordeler sig på tre beboede øer hovedøen Malta ( km²), Gozo (67km²), Comino (3 km²) og de ubeboede småøer Cominotto (0,25 km²), Filfla (6 ha), St. Paul’s Officielle sprog: Maltesisk, Engelsk. Malta, službeno Republika Malta (malteški: Repubblika ta' Malta, engleski: Republic of Malta) otočna je država u Sredozemnom clavecinsorgues-soumagnac.com država sastoji se od nekoliko otoka i otočića, od kojih su tri naseljena. Najveći otok je Malta na kojem živi najveći dio stanovništva zemlje. Ova zemlja u kojoj živi manje od pola milijuna stanovnika je, s obzirom na površinu, jedna od najgušće - Predsjednik: George Vella.
Retrieved 25 August Tourist Link. Archived from the original on 30 December Archived from the original on 26 April Archived from the original on 13 March Retrieved 28 November The World Factbook.
Retrieved 5 June Archived from the original on 6 August National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Retrieved 15 October Met Office. Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 20 September Retrieved 20 October Retrieved 1 June Retrieved 24 October BBC News Business.
Retrieved 12 October Retrieved 12 March Times of Malta. Retrieved 14 November The Malta Independent. Archived from the original on 15 December Archived from the original on 16 December Retrieved 7 January Retrieved 31 March Malta Government Gazette.
Archived from the original PDF on 14 July Retrieved 23 January About Malta. Articol principal: Politica Maltei. Articol principal: Geografia Maltei.
Articol principal: Demografia Maltei. Arhivat din original la 6 aprilie Mercury Direct. The World Factbook.
Arhivat din original la 27 august Malta Last Battle of the Crusades. Osprey Publishing. Times of Malta. Malta joined the European Union on 1 May Malta is a republic  whose parliamentary system and public administration are closely modelled on the Westminster system.
Malta had the second-highest voter turnout in the world and the highest for nations without mandatory voting , based on election turnout in national lower house elections from to The President of Malta, a largely ceremonial position, is appointed for a five-year term by a resolution of the House of Representatives carried by a simple majority.
Members of the House of Representatives are elected by direct universal suffrage through single transferable vote every five years, unless the House is dissolved earlier by the president either on the advice of the prime minister or through the adoption of a motion of no confidence carried within the House of Representatives and not overturned within three days.
In either of these cases, the president may alternatively choose to invite another Member of Parliament who invariably should command the majority of the House of Representatives to form an alternative government for the remainder of the legislature.
The House of Representatives is nominally made up of 65 members of parliament whereby 5 members of parliament are elected from each of the thirteen electoral districts.
However, where a party wins an absolute majority of votes but does not have a majority of seats, that party is given additional seats to ensure a parliamentary majority.
The 80th article of the Constitution of Malta provides that the president appoint as prime minister " Maltese politics is a two-party system dominated by the Labour Party Maltese : Partit Laburista , a centre-left social democratic party, and the Nationalist Party Maltese : Partit Nazzjonalista , a centre-right Christian democratic party.
The Labour Party has been the governing party since and is currently led by Prime Minister Robert Abela , who has been in office since 13 January The Nationalist Party, with Bernard Grech as its leader, is currently in opposition.
Two parliamentary seats are held by independent politicians who were formerly with the Democratic Party Maltese : Partit Demokratiku , a centre-left social liberal party which had contested under the Nationalist-led Forza Nazzjonali electoral alliance in There are a number of small political parties in Malta which have no parliamentary representation.
Until the Second World War , Maltese politics was dominated by the Language Question fought out by Italophone and Anglophone parties.
Malta has had a system of local government since ,  based on the European Charter of Local Self-Government. The country is divided into five regions one of them being Gozo , with each region having its own Regional Committee, serving as the intermediate level between local government and national government.
The six districts five on Malta and the sixth being Gozo serve primarily statistical purposes. Each council is made up of a number of councillors from 5 to 13, depending on and relative to the population they represent.
A mayor and a deputy mayor are elected by and from the councillors. The executive secretary, who is appointed by the council, is the executive, administrative and financial head of the council.
Councillors are elected every four years through the single transferable vote. People who are eligible to vote in the election of the Maltese House of Representatives as well as a resident citizens of the EU are eligible to vote.
Due to system reforms, no elections were held before Since then, elections have been held every two years for an alternating half of the councils.
Local councils are responsible for the general upkeep and embellishment of the locality including repairs to non-arterial roads , allocation of local wardens, and refuse collection; they also carry out general administrative duties for the central government such as the collection of government rents and funds and answer government-related public inquiries.
Additionally, a number of individual towns and villages in the Republic of Malta have sister cities. The objectives of the Armed Forces of Malta AFM are to maintain a military organisation with the primary aim of defending the islands' integrity according to the defence roles as set by the government in an efficient and cost-effective manner.
This is achieved by emphasising the maintenance of Malta's territorial waters and airspace integrity. The AFM also engages in combating terrorism, fighting against illicit drug trafficking, conducting anti-illegal immigrant operations and patrols, and anti-illegal fishing operations, operating search and rescue SAR services, and physical or electronic security and surveillance of sensitive locations.
In , Malta signed and ratified the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. The islands of the archipelago lie on the Malta plateau, a shallow shelf formed from the high points of a land bridge between Sicily and North Africa that became isolated as sea levels rose after the last Ice Age.
Numerous bays along the indented coastline of the islands provide good harbours. The landscape consists of low hills with terraced fields. Although there are some small rivers at times of high rainfall, there are no permanent rivers or lakes on Malta.
Phytogeographically , Malta belongs to the Liguro-Tyrrhenian province of the Mediterranean Region within the Boreal Kingdom.
According to the WWF , the territory of Malta belongs to the terrestrial ecoregion of Tyrrhenian-Adriatic sclerophyllous and mixed forests .
Malta has a Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification Csa ,   with mild winters and hot summers, hotter in the inland areas.
Rain occurs mainly in autumn and winter, with summer being generally dry. Snow is very rare on the island, although various snowfalls have been recorded in the last century, the last one reported in various locations across Malta in Sunshine duration hours total around 3, per year, from an average 5.
According to Eurostat , Malta is composed of two larger urban zones nominally referred to as "Valletta" the main island of Malta and "Gozo".
The main urban area covers the entire main island, with a population of around , Occasionally in books,  government publications and documents,    and in some international institutions,  Malta is referred to as a city-state.
Sometimes Malta is listed in rankings concerning cities  or metropolitan areas. The Maltese islands are home to a wide diversity of indigenous, sub-endemic and endemic plants.
The most common indigenous trees on the islands are olive Olea europaea , carob Ceratonia siliqua , fig ficus carica , holm oak Quericus ilex and Aleppo pine Pinus halpensis , while the most common non-native trees are eucalyptus , acacia and opuntia.
These trees are of the Bidni variety, which is only found on the islands. Some living trees date back to the 1st century A.
Maltese sand crocus, commonly encountered on the Maltese steppe, which is endemic. Orkida piramidali ta' Malta , Maltese Pyramidal orchid Anacamptis pyramidalis subsp urvilleana is endemic and rare on the islands.
Remnant forest of Ballut Quericus ilex in Wardija. Malta is classified as an advanced economy together with 32 other countries according to the International Monetary Fund IMF.
Once under British control, they came to depend on Malta Dockyard for support of the Royal Navy , especially during the Crimean War of The military base benefited craftsmen and all those who served the military.
In , the opening of the Suez Canal gave Malta's economy a great boost, as there was a massive increase in the shipping which entered the port.
However, towards the end of the 19th century, the economy began declining, and by the s Malta's economy was in serious crisis.
One factor was the longer range of newer merchant ships that required fewer refuelling stops. Currently, [ when? Malta produces only about 20 percent of its food needs, has limited fresh water supplies because of the drought in the summer, and has no domestic energy sources, aside from the potential for solar energy from its plentiful sunlight.
The economy is dependent on foreign trade serving as a freight trans-shipment point , manufacturing especially electronics and textiles , and tourism.
Access to biocapacity in Malta is below the world average. In , Malta had 0. Film production has contributed to the Maltese economy.
Malta has served as a "double" for a wide variety of locations and historic periods including Ancient Greece , Ancient and modern Rome , Iraq, the Middle East and many more.
In preparation for Malta's membership in the European Union , which it joined on 1 May , it privatised some state-controlled firms and liberalised markets.
For example, the government announced on 8 January that it was selling its 40 per cent stake in MaltaPost , to complete a privatisation process which had been ongoing for the previous five years.
Malta has a financial regulator, the Malta Financial Services Authority MFSA , with a strong business development mindset, and the country has been successful in attracting gaming businesses, aircraft and ship registration, credit-card issuing banking licences and also fund administration.
Service providers to these industries, including fiduciary and trustee business, are a core part of the growth strategy of the island.
Malta has made strong headway in implementing EU Financial Services Directives including UCITs IV and soon AIFMD. Malta and Tunisia in discussed the commercial exploitation of the continental shelf between their countries, particularly for petroleum exploration.
As of , Malta did not have a property tax. Its property market, especially around the harbour area, was booming, with the prices of apartments in some towns like St Julian's, Sliema and Gzira skyrocketing.
The National Development and Social Fund from the Individual Investor Programme, a citizenship by investment programme also known as the "citizenship scheme", has become a significant income sources for the government of Malta, adding ,, euro to the budget in This 'scheme' has a very low due-diligence and many doubtful Russian, Middle-eastern and Chinese have obtained a Maltese passport, which is also a European Union passport.
In July , the Labour government admitted this and has opted to stop it as from September The two largest commercial banks are Bank of Valletta and HSBC Bank Malta , both of which can trace their origins back to the 19th century.
As of recently, digital banks such as Revolut have also increased in popularity. It was established by the Central Bank of Malta Act on 17 April The Maltese government entered ERM II on 4 May , and adopted the euro as the country's currency on 1 January FinanceMalta is the quasi-governmental organisation tasked with marketing and educating business leaders in coming to Malta and runs seminars and events around the world highlighting the emerging strength of Malta as a jurisdiction for banking and finance and insurance.
Traffic in Malta drives on the left. Car ownership in Malta is exceedingly high, considering the very small size of the islands; it is the fourth-highest in the European Union.
Buses xarabank or karozza tal-linja are the primary method of public transport, established in Malta's vintage buses operated in the Maltese islands up to and became popular tourist attractions in their own right.
The bus service underwent an extensive reform in July The management structure changed from having self-employed drivers driving their own vehicles to a service being offered by a single company through a public tender in Gozo, being considered as a small network, the service was given through direct order.
It also operated two smaller buses for an intra- Valletta route only and 61 nine-metre buses, which were used to ease congestion on high-density routes.
Overall Arriva Malta operated buses. On 1 January Arriva ceased operations in Malta due to financial difficulties, having been nationalised as Malta Public Transport by the Maltese government, with a new bus operator planned to take over their operations in the near future.
With lower fares than the walk-on rate, it can be topped up online. The card was initially not well received, as reported by several local news sites.
From to Malta had a railway line that connected Valletta to the army barracks at Mtarfa via Mdina and a number of towns and villages.
The railway fell into disuse and eventually closed altogether, following the introduction of electric trams and buses. The ferry makes numerous runs each day.
Malta International Airport Ajruport Internazzjonali ta' Malta is the only airport serving the Maltese islands. It is built on the land formerly occupied by the RAF Luqa air base.
A heliport is also located there, but the scheduled service to Gozo ceased in The heliport in Gozo is at Xewkija.
Since June , Harbour Air Malta has operated a thrice-daily floatplane service between the sea terminal in Grand Harbour and Mgarr Harbour in Gozo.
Today, Ta' Qali houses a national park, stadium , the Crafts Village visitor attraction and the Malta Aviation Museum.
This museum preserves several aircraft, including Hurricane and Spitfire fighters that defended the island in the Second World War.
The national airline is Air Malta , which is based at Malta International Airport and operates services to 36 destinations in Europe and North Africa.
The owners of Air Malta are the Government of Malta 98 percent and private investors 2 percent. Air Malta employs 1, staff. It has a 25 percent shareholding in Medavia.
Air Malta has concluded over interline ticketing agreements with other IATA airlines. It also has a codeshare agreement with Qantas covering three routes.
In September , Air Malta made two agreements with Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways by which Air Malta wet-leased two Airbus aircraft to Etihad Airways for the winter period starting 1 September , and provided operational support on another Airbus A aircraft which it leased to Etihad Airways.
Telephone and cellular subscriber numbers have eight digits. There are no area codes in Malta, but after inception, the original first two numbers, and currently [ when?
Fixed line telephone numbers have the prefix 21 and 27, although businesses may have numbers starting 22 or Mobile telephone numbers have the prefix 77, 79, 98 or The number of pay-TV subscribers fell as customers switched to Internet Protocol television IPTV : the number of IPTV subscribers doubled in the six months to June Malta has produced collectors' coins with face value ranging from 10 to 50 euros.
These coins continue an existing national practice of minting of silver and gold commemorative coins. Unlike normal issues, these coins are not accepted in all the eurozone.
From its introduction in until the introduction of the Euro in , the currency was the Maltese lira , which had replaced the Maltese pound.
The pound replaced the Maltese scudo in Malta is a popular tourist destination, with 1. Tourism infrastructure has increased dramatically over the years and a number of hotels are present on the island, although overdevelopment and the destruction of traditional housing is of growing concern.
An increasing number of Maltese now travel abroad on holiday. In recent years, Malta has advertised itself as a medical tourism destination,  and a number of health tourism providers are developing the industry.
However, no Maltese hospital has undergone independent international healthcare accreditation. Malta is popular with British medical tourists,  pointing Maltese hospitals towards seeking UK-sourced accreditation, such as with the Trent Accreditation Scheme.
Malta signed a co-operation agreement with the European Space Agency ESA for more-intensive co-operation in ESA projects.
Most science students in Malta graduate from the University of Malta and are represented by S-Cubed Science Student's Society , UESA University Engineering Students Association and ICTSA University of Malta ICT Students' Association.
Malta conducts a census of population and housing every ten years. The census held in November counted an estimated 96 percent of the population.
Native Maltese people make up the majority of the island. However, there are minorities, the largest of which are Britons , many of whom are retirees.
The only census year showing a fall in population was that of , with a 1. All censuses since have shown a slight excess of females over males.
The and censuses came closest to recording a balance. The highest female-to-male ratio was reached in but since then the ratio has dropped continuously.
The census showed a female-to-male ratio. The birth rate stood at a decrease of The population's age composition is similar to the age structure prevalent in the EU.
Since there was observed a trend indicating an ageing population, and is expected to continue in the foreseeable future. Malta's old-age-dependency-ratio rose from Malta's old-age-dependency-ratio is expected to continue rising steadily in the coming years.
Maltese legislation recognises both civil and canonical ecclesiastical marriages. Annulments by the ecclesiastical and civil courts are unrelated and are not necessarily mutually endorsed.
Malta voted in favour of divorce legislation in a referendum held on 28 May A person must be 16 to marry. There is a constant trend that females are more likely than males to marry young.
In there were 51 brides aged between 16 and 19, compared to 8 grooms. In , the population of the Maltese Islands stood at , Males make up The total fertility rate TFR as of [update] was estimated at 1.
The Maltese language Maltese : Malti is one of the two constitutional languages of Malta, having become official, however, only in , and being considered as the national language.
Previously, Sicilian was the official and cultural language of Malta from the 12th century, and the Tuscan dialect of Italian from the 16th century.
Alongside Maltese, English is also an official language of the country and hence the laws of the land are enacted both in Maltese and English.
However, article 74 of the Constitution states that " Maltese is a Semitic language descended from the now extinct Sicilian-Arabic Siculo-Arabic dialect from southern Italy that developed during the Emirate of Sicily.
Maltese is the only Semitic language with official status in the European Union. Maltese has a Semitic base with substantial borrowing from Sicilian , Italian, a little French, and more recently and increasingly, English.
The language includes different dialects that can vary greatly from one town to another or from one island to another. Also, 88 percent of the population speak English, 66 percent speak Italian, and 17 percent speak French.
A study collecting public opinion on what language was "preferred" discovered that 86 percent of the population express a preference for Maltese, 12 percent for English, and 2 percent for Italian.
Maltese Sign Language is used by signers in Malta. Religion in Malta . The predominant religion in Malta is Catholicism. The second article of the Constitution of Malta establishes Catholicism as the state religion and it is also reflected in various elements of Maltese culture , although entrenched provisions for the freedom of religion are made.
There are more than churches in Malta, Gozo, and Comino, or one church for every 1, residents. This civic pride manifests itself in spectacular fashion during the local village festas , which mark the day of the patron saint of each parish with marching bands, religious processions, special Masses , fireworks especially petards and other festivities.
Malta is an Apostolic See ; the Acts of the Apostles tells of how St. Paul , on his way from Jerusalem to Rome to face trial, was shipwrecked on the island of "Melite", which many Bible scholars identify with Malta, an episode dated around AD Paul spent three months on the island on his way to Rome, curing the sick including the father of Publius, the "chief man of the island".
Various traditions are associated with this account. The shipwreck is said to have occurred in the place today known as St Paul's Bay.
The Maltese saint, Saint Publius is said to have been made Malta's first bishop and a grotto in Rabat , now known as "St Paul's Grotto" and in the vicinity of which evidence of Christian burials and rituals from the 3rd century AD has been found , is among the earliest known places of Christian worship on the island.
Further evidence of Christian practices and beliefs during the period of Roman persecution appears in catacombs that lie beneath various sites around Malta, including St.
Paul's Catacombs and St. Agatha's Catacombs in Rabat, just outside the walls of Mdina. The latter, in particular, were frescoed between and , although invading Turks defaced many of them in the s.
Luke painted a picture of the Madonna. It has been a place of pilgrimage since the medieval period. The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon record that in AD a certain Acacius was Bishop of Malta Melitenus Episcopus.
It is also known that in AD, a certain Constantinus, Episcopus Melitenensis , was present at the Fifth Ecumenical Council.
In AD, Pope Gregory I deposed Tucillus, Miletinae civitatis episcopus and the clergy and people of Malta elected his successor Trajan in AD.
The last recorded Bishop of Malta before the invasion of the islands was a Greek named Manas, who was subsequently incarcerated at Palermo.
Maltese historian Giovanni Francesco Abela states that following their conversion to Christianity at the hand of St. Paul , the Maltese retained their Christian religion, despite the Fatimid invasion.
Since all bishops of Malta have been Maltese. As a result of the Norman and Spanish periods, and the rule of the Knights, Malta became the devout Catholic nation that it is today.
It is worth noting that the Office of the Inquisitor of Malta had a very long tenure on the island following its establishment in the last Inquisitor departed from the Islands in after the Knights capitulated to the forces of Napoleon Bonaparte.
During the period of the Republic of Venice , several Maltese families emigrated to Corfu. Their descendants account for about two-thirds of the community of some 4, Catholics that now live on that island.
The patron saints of Malta are Saint Paul , Saint Publius , and Saint Agatha. Pope Benedict XVI canonised Preca on 3 June A number of Maltese individuals are recognised as Blessed , including Maria Adeodata Pisani and Nazju Falzon , with Pope John Paul II having beatified them in Various Catholic religious orders are present in Malta, including the Jesuits , Franciscans , Dominicans , Carmelites and Little Sisters of the Poor.
Most congregants of the local Protestant churches are not Maltese; their congregations draw on the many British retirees living in the country and vacationers from many other nations.
There include St. Andrew's Scots Church in Valletta a joint Presbyterian and Methodist congregation and St Paul's Anglican Cathedral.
The members of these churches are mainly Maltese. There are also a Seventh-day Adventist church in Birkirkara , and a New Apostolic Church congregation founded in in Gwardamangia.
The Jewish population of Malta reached its peak in the Middle Ages under Norman rule. In , Malta and Sicily came under Aragonese rule and the Alhambra Decree of forced all Jews to leave the country, permitting them to take with them only a few of their belongings.
Mercury Direct. Met Office. World Meteorological Organization. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
U politiku zemlje spadaju velike investicije u obrazovanje. Na Malti postoji 2. Autobusi voze otokom od Danas se ipak tradicionalni autobusi zamjenjuju novijim modernijim autobusima.
Autobusi voze prema jedinstvenom rasporedu koje su odredile prometne institucije. Na otoku Malti postoje tri velike prirodne luke. Ovdje se nalazi i helidrom , ali je njegova linija koja je letjela za Gozo otkazana Izvor: Wikipedija.
Mifsud, C. Savona-Ventura, S. Transportation statistics ,. Akrotiri i Dhekelia Cipar U.Malta has had a system of local government sincebased on the European Charter Gewinn Aktion Mensch Local Self-Government. Archived from the original on 19 December Liddell, Henry George ; Scott, Robert ; A Greek—English Lexicon at the Perseus Project. European Spatial Planning Observation Network.